As one of the five pillars of Islam, the observance of Ramadan is one of the core principals of the religion. Along with faith, prayer, charity, and the pilgrimage to Mecca, fasting is a central and guiding tenet for Muslims, and it takes on an even greater significance during the month of Ramadan.
Most Muslims believe that the Quran was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad during the last 10 nights of Ramadan, but why is the Holy Month called what it is?
Ramadan is considered a period of fasting, of giving, and of spiritual growth, and it is also the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar. Lasting either 29 or 30 days (the length depends on when the new crescent moon can be seen) the dates of Ramadan change each year, though the name stays the same.
According to Professor Mohammad Hassan Khalil of Michigan State University, the Arabic word "Ramadan" suggests intense heat or dryness. "It seems that in pre-Islamic Arabia, Ramadan was the name of a scorching hot Summer month," he explained in an article.
According to Muslim Matters, "Ramadan is taken from the word ramad which means that which is intensely or vehemently heated by the sun. And the word ramdhaa means the intense heat of the sun. [The Arabs used to say about] the sheep that they were burned (ramidat) while they were grazing under the scorching heat of the sun to the extent that their livers became damaged (by the intense heat of the sun). Ramadan was named such because it burns the sins of the believers." That fact helps add another layer of significance to the tradition.
In 2018, Ramadan will begin on May 15 and conclude on June 14.